A sigla SOPA (Stop Online Piracy Act) significa Lei de Combate à Pirataria Online. Basicamente, esse projeto de lei expande os meios legais para que os detentores dos direitos autorais possam combater o tráfico online de propriedade protegida e de artigos pirateados. Se aprovado, os detentores de propriedade intelectual terão o direito de bloquear indiscriminadamente o conteúdo da web. A Internet livre, como conhecemos hoje, estaria ameaçada.
O projeto será votado em fevereiro pelo Congresso norte-americano e, de acordo com o texto, o SOPA poderá afetar sites do mundo todo. Companhias prestadoras de serviço de acesso à Internet poderão, inclusive, ser indiciadas caso permitam o acesso a conteúdo que infrinja as leis de propriedade intelectual. Da mesma forma, sites de buscas, assim como Google e Bing, seriam obrigados a censurar páginas do tipo.
Um segundo projeto de lei, que também circula no Congresso dos Estados Unidos, é igualmente preocupante. Trata-se do Protect IP, também conhecido como PIPA. A medida, assim como o SOPA, tem a função de combater a pirataria, inclusive atacando sites hospedados fora do território norte-americano.
Alguns dos sites mais acessados na Internet ameaçaram tirar suas páginas do ar temporariamente, um protesto que tem sido chamado de blackout. A Casa Branca e grandes organizações como Google, Mozilla, AOL, LinkedIn, Facebook, Twitter e Zynga devem aderir ao manifesto. O blackout já foi feito por alguns sites, incluindo alguns brasileiros. Entre eles, estão Wikipédia, Idec, A2K Brasil, Cultura Livre, CTS Game Studies, Estrombo,Observatório da Internet, Open Business.
Simples apliquem estes valores que iriam reduzir quase a zero a pirataria:
CD de música = R$ 5,00
Pronto no demais, artista tá chorando que tá tuim de $$$, que venham fazer mais hows no Brasil ou na américa latina, pois U2 milhares de pessoas não conseguiram ingresso. Roger Waters agora é o mesmo trauma, tem público e falta ingresso. Deixa eu fazer um cálculo 60.000 pessoas num show no Morumbi a com ingresso médio à R$ 250,00 dá R$ 15.000.000,00. Tá bom né.
Megaupload já foi fechado hoje.
MegaUpload, one of the largest file-sharing sites on the Internet, has been shut down by federal prosecutors in Virginia. The site’s founder Kim Dotcom and three others were arrested by the police in New Zealand at the request of US authorities. MegaVideo, the streaming site belonging to same company, and a total of 18 domains connected to the Mega company were seized and datacenters in three countries raided.
Just a few weeks ago, MegaUpload founder Kim Dotcom told TorrentFreak that his Mega ventures have nothing to worry about, as they operate within the rules of the law.
“Mega has nothing to fear. Our business is legitimate and protected by the DMCA and similar laws around the world. We work with the best lawyers and play by the rules. We take our legal obligations seriously. Mega’s war chest is full and we have strong supporters backing us,” Dotcom said.
But behind the scenes powerful forces were at work, plotting the forceful demise of MegaUpload, one of the world’s biggest websites.
An indictment unsealed today by the Department of Justice claims MegaUpload has caused the entertainment industries more than $500 million in lost revenue and generated $175 million “in criminal proceeds.”
Two corporations – Megaupload Limited and Vestor Limited – were indicted by a grand jury in the Eastern District of Virginia on January 5th, 2012, and charged with “engaging in a racketeering conspiracy, conspiring to commit copyright infringement, conspiring to commit money laundering and two substantive counts of criminal copyright infringement.”
Today, the authorities executed in excess of 20 search warrants in the United States and eight other countries and seized approximately $50 million in assets. A total of 18 Mega-related domains were seized including Megastuff.co, Megaworld.com, Megaclicks.co, Megastuff.info, Megaclicks.org, Megaworld.mobi, Megastuff.org, Megaclick.us, Mageclick.com, HDmegaporn.com, Megavkdeo.com, Megaupload.com, Megaupload.org, Megarotic.com, Megaclick.com, Megavideo.com, Megavideoclips.com and Megaporn.com.
Data centers in the Netherlands, Canada and Washington were raided. In an apparent reference to the latter, a source has just informed TorrentFreak that the FBI are currently detaining everyone at the ISP Cogent Communications’ headquarters in Washington DC, in connection with a Mega-related search warrant.
In addition to MegaUpload founder Kim Dotcom, another six alleged members of the Mega “conspiracy” were charged in the indictment:
• Finn Batato, 38, a citizen and resident of Germany, who is the chief marketing officer;
• Julius Bencko, 35, a citizen and resident of Slovakia, who is the graphic designer;
• Sven Echternach, 39, a citizen and resident of Germany, who is the head of business development;
• Mathias Ortmann, 40, a citizen of Germany and resident of both Germany and Hong Kong, who is the chief technical officer, co-founder and director;
• Andrus Nomm, 32, a citizen of Estonia and resident of both Turkey and Estonia, who is a software programmer and head of the development software division;
• Bram van der Kolk, aka Bramos, 29, a Dutch citizen and resident of both the Netherlands and New Zealand, who oversees programming and the underlying network structure for the Mega websites.
Dotcom, Batato, Ortmann and van der Kolk were arrested today in Auckland, New Zealand, by authorities there. Bencko, Echternach and Nomm are still at large.
According to the Department of Justice, the individuals named above face a maximum penalty of 20 years in prison on the charge of conspiracy to commit racketeering, five years in prison on the charge of conspiracy to commit copyright infringement, 20 years in prison on the charge of conspiracy to commit money laundering and five years in prison on each of the substantive charges of criminal copyright infringement.
There won’t be any file uploading to popular service Megaupload anytime soon, mega or otherwise. The site has been taken down today amidst FBI charges of criminal copyright infringement, according to the Wall Street Journal.
According to the report, this has nothing to do with the latest outrage against two proposed acts, Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) and the PROTECT IP Act (PIPA):
Investigators said there was no connection between arrests in their two-year investigation and the political firestorm that erupted this week over a pending vote on the Stop Online Piracy Act.
It was revealed today that the CEO of Megaupload is none other than Swizz Beatz, husband of popular recording artist Alicia Keys. The site is already battling multiple legal issues, and had a huge public run-in with Universal Music over a video it had posted on YouTube featuring music from some of its hottest artists.
The service has gotten support from well-known artists and figures like P Diddy, Chris Brown, Kanye West, Kim Kardashian, and Black Eyed Peas.
Megaupload is a service that lets you upload and share files of any type or size, and has been accused of becoming a hotbed for the trading of copyrighted content, specifically full albums of music. The indictment referred to Megaupload as being one of the top 20 websites in the world at one point. The site is accused of causing over $500 million in lost revenue from “pirated” content such as music and movies.
So far, the FBI charges consist of seven suspects that work at Megaupload, and four based in New Zealand have been apprehended already.